Let’s just get right to it! These are the key components that you will need for a functional studio.
1. Microphones. Mics are used to convert the mechanical energy received from sound sources into electric energy. This allows you to record the signal with analog or digital gear. There are two types of mics, condenser or dynamic Tubidy. The mechanism that each mic uses for electricity conversion is what makes the difference. Condenser mics generally have higher sensitivity than dynamic microphones. They are used for recording sounds with sensitive high frequency content such as acoustic guitars.
2. Preamps. They are used to increase the signal coming out of the mic to a sufficient level to allow for audio reproduction (from mic–level to line–level). These preamps can be used to bring your unique sound into the song. Every pre-amp is unique and has their own character and coloring. Even low-end models can be used when special situations require them. Pre-amps are analogous to lenses in visual. They control the quality of the image, determining whether it is sharp or blurry. Although pre-amps that produce clear, transparent sound are more expensive, engineers understand that every situation is different and require different measures. Sometimes, we might need the lowest-end gear.
3. Soundcards/converters. When we talk digital music production, this is the third device you need in your signal chain. The job of the converter (sometimes called soundcards) involves converting the electrical signal from a mic into digital bits (analog/digital conversion, or A/D). In a modest studio, the converter will act both A to D and D to B. But, in higher quality studios, the engineer might use separate devices for each process to ensure better audio reproduction. Soundcards can be used as only converters or as audio interfaces. These are preamps and converters all rolled into one piece. You can choose between FireWire or USB audio interfaces. Each has its advantages and needs. There is no one product that is better than another – it all depends upon the specific use of the product.
4. Computer (or hard disc recorder ).) All these bits need to be stored somewhere. This, of course, is where your computer steps in. A hobby is the best way to start a home studio. It is fortunate that nearly any Pentium IV-era computer, sometimes even PIII, can be used to produce music. The sounds are recorded to your hard disk in WAV or AIFF format. You might consider upgrading to a computer with specialized design and manufacturing to support heavy audio data and editing as you improve your skills. While there is much debate over which Mac or PC is better for studio work, it is ultimately up to the individual tastes, preferences, and commercial needs.
5. You will need monitor speakers. These are not the stereo speakers you’ll find at your local computer shop. An investment in good quality monitors is essential to produce acceptable music. Monitors range in price from US$300 for a pair to thousands, even tens of millions for those used in professional studios. A good monitor will allow you listen to the music exactly as it is without adding color or artifacts. Mixing allows you to make sure that the song you create sounds the same regardless of whether it is played back on different playback systems (from home theater sound systems to boom boxes). While mixing is not recommended, some engineers say they can mix with headphones.